DOMAIN/
CONCERN

Education

Management

Counseling

Arts

Common themes/ results

Fixed leader belief system Content only; discipline-based Projection and standard resources One school of therapeutic thought; UFT Apprentice model Lack of resources
Follower restrictive tacit assumptions No time, no process, no recourse Various preconcep-tions, political especially Childhood-based & superimposed on therapy Don’t have anything new to express; copy others Lack of progress
Leader-follower dynamics L plays "I’m the expert"); insists F "pay dues" to the discipline L has Model I values (plays power game) Hiding behind the transference L has unrealistic expectations; double binds Theoretical abuse; F loses confidence; performance anxiety
THE WAYS OUT: LEADER GOES FIRST
Paradigm shift; macro change Development-based structural presentation Customized resources Dialectical thinking Process model Takes cues from followers wrt diversity of need
Interventions into follower micro processes Problem-solving system; coaching, prompting Just in time mentoring: informs, guides, gives feedback Critical incidents; growth-comfort balancing Encourage F self-expression from the start Surfaces follower assumptions; liberates and empowers
Change dynamics Investigate F reasoning Adopt Model II values & be confrontable (L) Undergo counseling for CT Give F space to develop L learns from F and grows as a result